JAMES BARD (1815-1897)
and his twin brother John were born in New York City. Self taught artists, they worked as a pair until John’s death in 1856. James continued alone to create an historical and artistic documentation of the steam side-wheelers and sailing vessels that plied the waters of New York. Between 1827 and 1897, James Bard made drawings and oil paintings of almost every steamboat built or owned around the port of New York. Despite his prolific output and artistic persistence, he earned no great fortune as a marine painter. When he died in 1897, he was buried as an indigent in White Plains, New York.